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February 2005

BREC - SEQ OUM Regional Plan Submission

 

Draft Regional Plan Feedback

Office of Urban Management

Reply Paid 15031

City East QLD 4002

Fax: 07-3235-4563

Email: feedback@oum.qld.gov.au

 


Firstly BREC is supportive of urban containment. We support the provision of transport orientated development outside of nature conservation value areas. We support stronger targets for water & energy use reductions. We support initiatives to promote the use of public transport and to reduce our overall dependence on cars and fossil fuel resources.

We are concerned that rural open space will disappear inside the urban footprint and this will lead to losses of much needed openspace in these developing areas. Existing social problems will only be exacerbated by the loss of these openspaces. Local councils and existing state policies have generally failed to provide sufficient openspace in new developments to meet social, psychological and recreational needs. The conversion of these lands from rural to urban will also result in increased pollution runoff and altered hydrology which will negatively affect water quality.

The map of potential greenfield development still appears to be planning for increased sprawl which will work against the sensible and affordable provision of infrastructure.

We draw your attention to the maps at http://brec.ozecol.org/news/current/seqrecn_oum_maps.html which shows unprotected native bushland and floodplain values inside the urban footprint and investigation areas. BREC believes that the State government should commit to the regulatory protection of native vegetation and floodplains inside the urban footprint to complement local government measures. Current clearing patterns show that local governments are failing to control clearing woody landcover, with 13 out of the 18 SEQ local authorities showing and increase in land clearing 2001-30 See Appendix Two

We are very concerned that the development, in western corridor and western investigation areas, will seriously compromise the koala populations of these areas.

We are concerned that urban development is planned for the lower floodplains of the Bremer River due to its inevitable impacts on floodplain values, wildlife and vegetation and that it is in areas likely to be affected by salinity impacts in the future.

We are very concerned about the potential increases of sand and hardrock extraction that underpin the proposed high urban growth rates. This would accelerate extraction in areas of the Koala Coast and the Moreton bay Marine Park.

The OUM regional infrastructure plan should include items of green infrastructure. See Appendix One

All native bushland in the Parkinson, Larapinta, Heathwood, Greenbank corridor area be retained. Open space and native bushlands should be retained in the Six Mile creek area to provide some break between urban areas. The Wacol area should provide for connection between the Greenbank, Flinders Peak corridor and the Brisbane river corridor. All native bushland connected to BFP and linking BFP to Bunyaville State Forest be retained. All bushland in the Fitzgibbon area should be retained including previously degraded or cleared but undeveloped lands adjacent. This will protect the bushland, wetland, and fauna values of the site.

State lands containing native bushland including both remnant and regrowth values should be retained or if disposed of by the state government it should be sold as open space land at the appropriate valuation.

We are opposed to the expansion of the urban footprint on Stradbroke Island particularly the area of urban footprint inside locally designated conservation areas to the south of Point Lookout.

Moreton Island should not be used as a groundwater resource for urban or other development. The freshwater flows from Moreton Island are an important environmental allocation of freshwater to Eastern Moreton Bay.

Regarding climate change we are very concerned that the draft plans fails to link climate change and the need for planning scheme revisions to include climate change adaptation measures. The QCCA has provided us with credible information about the range of impacts including increased flooding risks from sea level rise, rainfall declines and the impact of greater temperatures on infrastructure such as roads. (See Appendix Three) All of these impacts will require greater consideration in both the regional plan and local planning schemes. Recent scientific reports have highlighted that climate change is happening faster and stronger that the IPCC had projected. Current scientific opinion is that we need substantial greenhouse house gas reductions, in the order of 50-70%, to help stabilise atmospheric carbon dioxide.

Recent events in the Indian Ocean have highlighted the need to protect undeveloped coastlines and foreshores to protect against storm surges and other risks. Studies by E. Bryant and J. Nott have shown that there is the strong possibility of Tsunami’s or super storm surges affecting the East Coast of Australia. (See Appendix Four)

That the previous agreements with Traditional Owners under the RFGM2000 be honoured at that the SEQTOCC have its selection criteria altered so as not to exclude bona fide Traditional Owner groups. (See Appendix Five)


The SEQ Regional Plan should adopt a preferred urban pattern that best achieves ecologically sustainable development through reviewing the three development scenarios and effectively involving the public in further development of the Plan, Subregional Plans, and Local Growth Management Strategies incorporating best practice public participation in the choice of alternatives, developing a Plan that will:

  1. Contain and contract the urban boundary and investigation areas so that it contains no more than 15 years supply, with fewer greenfield sites, increased concentration and a smaller urban footprint overall.
  2. Conserve natural areas of international, national, state and regional significance and provide recreational open space in already cleared or degraded areas both within the urban boundary and in the regional landscape, protecting the values identified in the SEQ Regional Nature Conservation Strategy and Good Quality Agricultural Land, maintaining wetlands and floodplain values and essential ecological services.
  3. Constrain population growth – the Plan over-allocates land for housing by 20% - pull back to protect identified values; charge betterment tax for funding public open space infrastructure; change wording in the plan from "population targets" to "population projections".
  4. Control infrastructure and major projects and not allow them to override other values including nature conservation and ecological services; invest in regional open space infrastructure projects.
  5. Continue low-intensity rural production and recreational uses within the urban footprint - have a future for rural land inside the urban footprint.
  6. Convert unallocated state lands containing Indigenous cultural heritage values to the control of the appropriately mandated Traditional Owners, who can conserve, manage, enjoy and profit from their cultural resources and landscapes.

The SEQ Plan should be improved by:

Yours for Nature

 

Michael Petter

Coordinator BREC

 


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Appendix One Possible Major Green Infrastructure Projects


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Examples of possible Green Infrastructure Proposals

  1. SEQ Bushland Acquisition $20 Million
  2. This would match local government investments in bushland acquisitions. The focus would be on HCV State Owned land and key private landholdings.

    Treasury, EPA, Land trust

  3. Outdoor Recreation Provision $20 Million
  4. Securing land and/or land use agreements, outside reserves in the Brisbane River corridor west and other near Brisbane sites, for more intensive outdoor use. These areas should be outside of protected estates and areas of high conservation value.

    DSR

  5. Water Supply Catchment Protection $20 Million
  6. Provide financial support for management agreements and riparian and/or hillslope protection in key areas upstream of water supply areas.

    DNRM, SEQ Water, Brisbane Water etc

  7. Fauna Movement Solutions $20 Million
  8. Provision of fauna crossings on roads adjacent to major natural areas and areas of high fauna mortality

    DMR, LGAs

  9. Floodplain protection or restoration $20 Million
  10. The removal of floodplain barriers and the strategic acquisition and/or negotiation of management agreements of "at risk" larger properties in flood plains.

    DNRM, DPI, LGAs

  11. Energy and Water Saving Initiatives $20 Million

The provision of subsidies and other measures to reduce energy and water use. Target of 50MW or savings and xx GL of water savings

DNRM, DSDI, EPA, LGAs


Appendix Two Clearing of Woody Landcover in SEQ Local Authorities 1988-2003


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Chart of Tree Clearing by SEQ LGA 1988-2003


Appendix Three Possible Impacts of Climate Change


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Increased risk of flooding

Some local studies have found in the medium to long term increases in the risk of flooding to coastal properties as a result of climate change. (Source "Climate Change: An Australia Guide to Science and Potential Impacts" Ed B.Pittock AGO 2003 pp 133,134)

Furthermore other studies estimated that sea level rise and storm surges could affect dwellings and infrastructure as far inland from the current shoreline as 120m. (Source "Climate Change: An Australia Guide to Science and Potential Impacts" Ed B.Pittock AGO 2003 pp 140-141)

Decreased in water supply

Recent studies have highlighted the long term decline in overall rainfall in SE Australia and research has highlighted the potential significant reduction of water supplies. This could potentially cause serious water shortages by 2015. (Source "The Impact of Stratospheric Ozone depletion and C02 on the Southern Annual Mode and Regional Climate Changes" J. Stykus & G. McKeon 2004 Qld DNRM)

Increased in Sea level

Even if Co2 is stabilised climate change will continue to happen for hundreds of years. These could mean rises of at least 1-2mm/yr or 200mm-400mm in 200 years. Some projections show sea level could rise by metres in worse case scenarios. (Source "Climate Change: An Australia Guide to Science and Potential Impacts" Ed B.Pittock AGO 2003 pp14, 16, 41)

Increased cost of infrastructure

The Qld Department of transport concluded that railways, roads and other infrastructure will require higher maintenance costs due to higher temperatures. (Source "Climate Change: An Australia Guide to Science and Potential Impacts" Ed B.Pittock AGO 2003 pp 132)

Changes in building design

Potential increases in extreme weather events may require modifications to buildings designed to last for over 50 years. (Source "Climate Change: An Australia Guide to Science and Potential Impacts" Ed B.Pittock AGO 2003 pp 132)


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Appendix Four Tsunami and Storm Surge Risks in Eastern Australia


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Geological Society Australia Bryant

Geological Indicators of Large Tsunami in Australia

Edward Bryant  & Jonathan Nott


Abstract

Tsunami waves can produce four general categories of depositional and erosional signatures that differentiate them from storm waves. Combinations of items from these categories uniquely define the impact of palaeo-tsunami on the coastal landscape. The largest palaeo-tsunami waves in Australia swept sediment across the continental shelf and obtained flow depths of 15—20 m at the coastline with velocities in excess of 10 m s-1. In New South Wales, along the cliffs of Jervis Bay, waves reached elevations of more than 80 m above sea-level with evidence of flow depths in excess of 10 m. These waves swept 10 km inland over the Shoalhaven delta. In northern Queensland, boulders more than 6 m in diameter and weighing 286 tonnes were tossed alongshore above cyclone storm wave limits inside the Great Barrier Reef. In Western Australia waves overrode and breached 60 m high hills up to 5 km inland. Shell debris and cobbles can be found within deposits mapped as dunes, 30 km inland. The array of signatures provide directional information about the origin of the tsunami and, when combined with radiocarbon dating, indicate that at least one and maybe two catastrophic events have occurred during the last 1000 years along these three coasts. Only the West Australian coast has historically been affected by notable tsunami with maximum run-up elevations of 4—6 m. Palaeo-tsunami have been an order of magnitude greater than this. These palaeo-tsunami are produced most likely by large submarine slides on the continental slope or the impact of meteorites with the adjacent ocean.
 
 

Published in Natural Hazards, 24, 231-249

 

 

Records of prehistoric tsunamis from boulder deposits - evidence from Australia

Jonathan Nott
 
 


Abstract

Detailed analyses of boulder deposits along 8000 km of coastal tropical Australia shows that prehistoric records of tsunami and tropical cyclone inundation can be differentiated from each other and tsunamis were larger before European settlement. The accuracy of equations used to derive these results was confirmed by the June 17 1998 tsunami event in Papua New Guinea, where flow depths of the tsunami and the size of transported clasts were surveyed. Regions that would appear safe from tsunami because of sheltering by the Great Barrier Reef or in shallow epicontinental seas such as the Gulf of Carpentaria have experienced 11 m and 3.5 m tsunami (wave height at shore) 400 yr B.P. For the Australian continent, and likely many other regions, written histories alone are too short to reasonably determine the physical vulnerability to this hazard.
 

Published in Science of Tsunami Hazards, 18, 3-14 (2000).

 


Appendix Five - Previous Agreements with Traditional Owners


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Indigenous involvement RFGM2000

Principles

13.1 Traditional Owners and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples with historical and contemporary connections, including those in new urban areas, will be involved in the regional planning process. This involvement will respect the procedures and outcomes of the Native Title Act 1993, other relevant legislation and the Common Law.

13.2 The involvement of Traditional Owners in the regional planning process acknowledges that Aboriginal people have traditional associations with their ancestral estate and custodial obligations to their land, water and air country.

13.3 It is recognised that only Traditional Owners speak on behalf of their ancestral homeland estate on Traditional Owner issues, including traditional and cultural activities.

13.4 The practice of culture by Traditional Owners and their efforts to reclaim language, dance, stories and connections to country enriches the community as a whole and adds to the region’s identity, cultural values and economic well-being.

13.5 The knowledge of Traditional Owners should be respected and their continuing intellectual ownership of such knowledge recognised and supported.

13.6 The involvement of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples with historical and contemporary connections with the region is an important consideration in planning activities, in addition to Traditional Owner customary lore, custodial obligations, rights and responsibilities.

13.7 There is a diversity of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander groups in the region with different aspirations and interests and this should be recognised in the regional planning process.

13.8 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples have a right to be involved in a culturally appropriate way in regional planning and implementation processes.

13.9 Indigenous involvement seeks to empower the Indigenous community to identify its own issues, strategic directions and solutions.

13.10 The regional planning process recognises that a healthy Traditional Owner/Local Government relationship is essential for Traditional Owners to fulfil their spiritual, social and environmental custodial responsibilities.

13.11 The regional planning process seeks best practice outcomes in Indigenous involvement by emphasising the desirability of cooperative arrangements and negotiated outcomes.

Priority Actions

13.1 In association with Traditional Owners, develop procedures and protocols for long-term partnerships to facilitate Indigenous community involvement in the comprehensive review of the RFGM.

13.2 In association with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples with historical and contemporary associations with the region, develop procedures and protocols for long-term partnerships to facilitate Indigenous community involvement in the comprehensive review of the RFGM.

13.3 Develop a whole of Governments (Local, State and Commonwealth) approach to Indigenous issues in the SEQ region to target four broad service areas

Native Title Processes

Cultural Heritage and Environmental Management

Social Justice and Human Services

Business and Economic Development.

The whole of Governments approach will occur through developing suitable mechanisms for Indigenous representation and involvement and through negotiating a range of actions with the community and other agencies.

An important source of these actions will be reviewing existing reports, publications and recommendations for their implications for SEQ.

The whole of Governments approach will be a partnership with Indigenous peoples and other stakeholders.

13.4 Develop suitable mechanisms for Indigenous representation and involvement in the RFGM and in a whole of Governments (Local, State and Commonwealth) approach to Indigenous issues.

Specific mechanisms are to be negotiated with the community and other agencies and may include:

Establishing facilities, such as Indigenous community desks, in host organisations, where Indigenous peoples are given access to the infrastructure and resources needed to contribute effectively to planning processes.

Establishing a rationalised network of groups and involvement mechanisms at the regional and sub-regional levels to address each of the four service areas.

Resourcing senior men and women on reference groups to properly involve their communities.

Investigating the development of regional and local land use consultation and planning process agreements.

13.5 Develop a whole of Governments approach to Native Title Processes by negotiating suitable mechanisms with Traditional Owners, the community and other agencies, which may include:

Establishing improved Native Title involvement mechanisms at the regional and sub-regional levels;

Developing policies, procedures and protocols that clearly delineate Native Title issues from other areas of involvement; and

Developing a guide to native title working procedures to be used by each lead agency and ensuring that native title working procedures used by each government agency are publicly available.

13.6 Develop a whole of Governments approach to cultural heritage and environmental management by:

Recognising that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples have a different knowledge systems and spiritual and philosophical perspectives on environmental management and impacts and assessing Indigenous environmental impacts separately at all levels of planning.

Recognising that for Indigenous peoples cultural heritage and environmental management are one.

Ensuring that the pre-contact and post-contact aspects of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultural heritage, management and impacts are considered.

Negotiate suitable actions with the community and other agencies, which may include:

Developing a code of practice on the delivery of archaeological, anthropological, history and other relevant services to the community.

Implementing a program of repatriation of SEQ Traditional Owners’ remains and artefacts from museums, private collections and State organisations.

Establishing protocols and reviewing legislation with regard to Indigenous cultural heritage places and materials. Any protocols should be consistent with agreed national frameworks.

13.7 Develop a whole of Governments approach to social justice and human services by negotiating suitable actions with the community and other agencies, which may include:

Defining and implementing a set of key indicators of social and economic disadvantage and a gap analysis of Indigenous peoples’ disadvantage against that of the general population.

Identifying and prioritising the needs of the Indigenous community and implementing plans to address social and economic disadvantage in these areas.

Ensuring the provision of a program of cultural awareness training through Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander organisations.

Developing measures to address the differential impact of gentrification that displaces Indigenous peoples from their communities, in areas such inner city Brisbane and adjacent to the Port of Brisbane.

Addressing the implementation in SEQ of the recommendations of the Royal Commission on Deaths in Custody.

Ensuring the implementation of a culturally appropriate community-based program of alternative sentencing based upon the strengthening of cultural identity and spiritual healing.

13.8 Develop a whole of Governments approach to business and economic development by negotiating suitable actions with the community and other agencies, which may include:
Developing an SEQ Regional Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Economic Development Strategy. This would be based on and consistent with the Queensland Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Economic Development Strategy (February 1998), and may include:

developing effective employment strategies that impact on employment and training at all levels in organisations and establishing "identified positions" to be filled on merit by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples; and

Developing and implementing Indigenous cultural and eco-tourism programs supported by appropriate protocols and agreement from Traditional Owners.

Supporting the development of a regional Indigenous land use strategy in order to facilitate acquisitions by the Indigenous Land Corporation (ILC).

Investigating the establishment of improved processes for the identification of surplus government land for use by the Indigenous community.

Enhancing community control government services to Indigenous peoples through development of innovative models that may include:

Direct provision by community controlled organisations;

Placement or secondment of government employees in Indigenous community organisations; and

Other partnership arrangements.


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